Food For Thought

Food for Thought MicrobiomeHuman Microbiome Research

"human microbiome"

"human microbiome": Latest results from PubMed

<em>Strongyloides stercoralis</em> Infestation in a Child: How a Nematode Can Affect Gut Microbiota

Background: Strongyloidiasis is a neglected tropical disease caused by the intestinal nematode Strongyloides stercora...
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Probiotics in Cosmetic and Personal Care Products: Trends and Challenges

Probiotics, defined as "live microorganisms that, when administered in adequate amounts, confer a health benefit on t...
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An Introduction to Whole-Metagenome Shotgun Sequencing Studies

Microbial communities are found across diverse environments, including within and across the human body. As many micr...
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Unraveling the Interconnection Patterns Across Lung Microbiome, Respiratory Diseases, and COVID-19

Albeit the lungs were thought to be sterile, recent scientific data reported a microbial microbiota in the lungs of h...
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Toothbrush microbiomes feature a meeting ground for human oral and environmental microbiota

CONCLUSIONS: Selective pressures in the built environment may shape the dynamic mixture of human (primarily oral-asso...
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A 10-Minute "Mix and Read" Antibody Assay for SARS-CoV-2

Accurate and rapid diagnostic tools are needed for management of the ongoing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pand...
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A mixed community of skin microbiome representatives influences cutaneous processes more than individual members

CONCLUSIONS: This work contributes to the understanding of how microbiome constituents individually and collectively ...
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The hygiene hypothesis, the COVID pandemic, and consequences for the human microbiome

The COVID-19 pandemic has the potential to affect the human microbiome in infected and uninfected individuals, having...
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Microbioma and lithiasis.

Human microbiome understanding and its relationship with health has represented a revolution in biomedicine, facilita...
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Pectin in diet: Interactions with the human microbiome, role in gut homeostasis, and nutrient-drug interactions

Pectins are a part of daily diet as well as food additives that are indigestible polysaccharides by human enzymes, ho...
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Characterization of a novel endo-levanase from Azotobacter chroococcum DSM 2286 and its application for the production of prebiotic fructooligosaccharides

Prebiotics are known for their ability to modulate the composition of the human microbiome and mediate health-promoti...
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Group therapy on in utero colonization: seeking common truths and a way forward

The human microbiome refers to the genetic composition of microorganisms in a particular location in the human body. ...
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REVIVAL OF MICROBIAL THERAPEUTICS, WITH EMPHASIS ON PROBIOTIC LACTOBACILLUS (REVIEW)

The idea to use living microorganisms for disease prevention and treatment was introduced a century ago, but yet the ...
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SARS-CoV-2 infections among healthcare workers at Helsinki University Hospital, Finland, spring 2020: Serosurvey, symptoms and risk factors

CONCLUSION: Undiagnosed and asymptomatic cases among HCWs proved rare. An increased risk was associated with Covid-19...
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HMPDACC: a Human Microbiome Project Multi-omic data resource

The Human Microbiome Project (HMP) explored microbial communities of the human body in both healthy and disease state...
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The effect of cannabis toxicity on a model microbiome bacterium epitomized by a panel of bioluminescent E. coli

The world acceptance of medical cannabis slowly widens. Cannabinoids are known as the main therapeutic active compoun...
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Do we have the guts to go? The abdominal compartment, intra-abdominal hypertension, the human microbiome and exploration class space missions

Humans are destined to explore space, yet critical illness and injury may be catastrophically limiting for extraterre...
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Food for Thought Paleo Diet 2Paleo Diet Research

paleo diet

paleo diet: Latest results from PubMed

Ecosystem engineering in the Quaternary of the West Coast of South Africa

Despite advances in our understanding of the geographic and temporal scope of the Paleolithic record, we know remarka...
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Productivity loss associated with functional disability in a contemporary small-scale subsistence population

In comparative cross-species perspective, humans experience unique physical impairments with potentially large conseq...
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Early life of Neanderthals

The early onset of weaning in modern humans has been linked to the high nutritional demand of brain development that ...
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Efficacy of different dietary patterns on lowering of blood pressure level: an umbrella review

CONCLUSION: Adherence to the DASH, Nordic, and portfolio diets effectively reduced BP. Low-salt diets significantly d...
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Exploring late Paleolithic and Mesolithic diet in the Eastern Alpine region of Italy through multiple proxies

OBJECTIVES: The analysis of prehistoric human dietary habits is key for understanding the effects of paleoenvironment...
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A Fad too Far? Dietary Strategies for the Prevention and Treatment of NAFLD

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a major health problem, and its prevalence has increased in recent years,...
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The Influence of Markets on the Nutrition Transition of Hunter-Gatherers: Lessons from the Western Amazon

For many centuries, hunter-gatherer societies relied on subsistence practices and traditional diets. However, forces ...
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Tracing human mobility in central Europe during the Upper Paleolithic using sub-seasonally resolved Sr isotope records in ornaments

Mobility of people and goods during the Upper Paleolithic has proven difficult to reconstruct given the relative rare...
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Eating Pattern and Nutritional Risks among People with Multiple Sclerosis Following a Modified Paleolithic Diet

Preliminary studies suggest that a modified Paleolithic diet may benefit symptoms of fatigue in progressive multiple ...
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Lifestyle and the presence of helminths is associated with gut microbiome composition in Cameroonians

CONCLUSIONS: These data document associations of bacterial microbiota and eukaryotic parasites with each other and wi...
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Dietary interventions for multiple sclerosis-related outcomes

BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a common demyelinating disease of the central nervous system. Although the exa...
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Shaped stone balls were used for bone marrow extraction at Lower Paleolithic Qesem Cave, Israel

The presence of shaped stone balls at early Paleolithic sites has attracted scholarly attention since the pioneering ...
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"An Important Part of Who I am": The Predictors of Dietary Adherence among Weight-Loss, Vegetarian, Vegan, Paleo, and Gluten-Free Dietary Groups

Weight-loss diets are notorious for their low adherence, which is a barrier to efforts to reduce population rates of ...
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Child development, physiological stress and survival expectancy in prehistoric fisher-hunter-gatherers from the Jabuticabeira II shell mound, South Coast of Brazil

In this study, we shed light on the interdependency of child growth, morbidity and life expectancy in the fisher-hunt...
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Limited Evidence for Selection at the FADS Locus in Native American Populations

The FADS locus contains the genes FADS1 and FADS2 that encode enzymes involved in the synthesis of long-chain polyuns...
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Dietary patterns and cardiovascular disease in Australian adults: Findings from the 2011-12 Australian Health Survey

CONCLUSION: The findings suggested an inverse association between adherence to Okinawan dietary pattern and prevalenc...
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Reversed phase UPLC/APCI-MS determination of Vitamin K<sub>1</sub> and menaquinone-4 in human plasma: Application to a clinical study

A rapid and sensitive liquid chromatographic-tandem mass spectrometric method was developed and validated to simultan...
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Diet-induced weight loss alters hepatic glucocorticoid metabolism in type 2 diabetes mellitus

CONCLUSIONS: These interventions caused weight loss and improved insulin sensitivity with concomitant increases in th...
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ButterKetogenic Diet Research

"ketogenic diet"

"ketogenic diet": Latest results from PubMed

Ketogenic Diet as a Preventive and Supportive Care for COVID-19 Patients

Severe obesity is associated with an increased risk of admission to intensive care units and need for invasive mechan...
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Experience in the management of patients with genetic epilepsies and epileptic encephalopathies in the outpatient practice

CONCLUSION: Thus, in the outpatient practice of epileptologists, patients with a wide range of gene mutations are fou...
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SENSITIVITY TO MECHANICAL PAIN BASED ON SATIETY LEVELS IN WOMEN

The recent data have shown that in addition to biological and psychosocial mechanisms, individual pain perception can...
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Effect of a plant-based, low-fat diet versus an animal-based, ketogenic diet on ad libitum energy intake

The carbohydrate-insulin model of obesity posits that high-carbohydrate diets lead to excess insulin secretion, there...
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Ingested Ketone Ester Leads to a Rapid Rise of Acetyl-CoA and Competes with Glucose Metabolism in the Brain of Non-Fasted Mice

The role of ketone bodies in the cerebral energy homeostasis of neurological diseases has begun to attract recent att...
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Energy Metabolism and Ketogenic Diets: What about the Skeletal Health? A Narrative Review and a Prospective Vision for Planning Clinical Trials on this Issue

The existence of a common mesenchymal cell progenitor shared by bone, skeletal muscle, and adipocytes cell progenitor...
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Effects of ketogenic diet and ketone monoester supplement on acute alcohol withdrawal symptoms in male mice

CONCLUSIONS: These findings support the potential utility of therapeutic ketosis as an adjunctive treatment in early ...
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The Role of Short-Chain Fatty Acids in the Interplay between a Very Low-Calorie Ketogenic Diet and the Infant Gut Microbiota and Its Therapeutic Implications for Reducing Asthma

Gut microbiota is well known as playing a critical role in inflammation and asthma development. The very low-calorie ...
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Ketogenic diet - mechanism of action and perspectives for the use in the therapy: data from clinical studies

Ketogenic diet is a high fat and very low-carbohydrate nutritional approach that induces increased production of keto...
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QARS1 gene related glutaminyl-tRNA synthetase deficiency syndrome: report of three cases and a review of literature

Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics, treatment and prognosis of QARS1 gene related glutaminyl-tRNA...
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Effect of the ketogenic diet on glycemic control, insulin resistance, and lipid metabolism in patients with T2DM: a systematic review and meta-analysis

CONCLUSION: KD not only has a therapeutic effect on glycemic and lipid control among patients with T2DM but also sign...
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Effects of Ketone Bodies on Brain Metabolism and Function in Neurodegenerative Diseases

Under normal physiological conditions the brain primarily utilizes glucose for ATP generation. However, in situations...
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The dark side of the spoon - glucose, ketones and COVID-19: a possible role for ketogenic diet?

The novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is posing a serious challenge to the health-care systems worldwide, with an ...
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Clinical Risk and Overall Survival in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus, Hyperglycemia and Glioblastoma Multiforme. A Review of the Current Literature

The relationship between type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) and hyperglycemia with cancer patients remains controversial ...
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Ketogenic diet for infants with epilepsy: A literature review

The ketogenic diet (KD) is an established, nonpharmacological treatment for drug-resistant epilepsy (DRE). Actually, ...
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Telemedicine, drug-resistant epilepsy, and ketogenic dietary therapies: A patient survey of a pediatric remote-care program during the COVID-19 pandemic

CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that management of children with DRE on KDTs through telemedicine is feasible, well a...
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Cross talk between drug-resistant epilepsy and the gut microbiome

One-third of epilepsy patients have drug-resistant epilepsy (DRE), which is often complicated by polydrug toxicity an...
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Reversal of diabetic tractional retinal detachment attributed to keto diet

A 40-year-old woman, known type 2 diabetes mellitus, obese (100 kg), on insulin (80 units), was under treatment for u...
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Implicating the effect of ketogenic diet as a preventive measure to obesity and diabetes mellitus

Obesity and diabetes are the two major metabolic complications linked with bad eating habits and the sedentary (lazy)...
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Clinical characteristics and ketogenic diet therapy of glucose transporter type 1 deficiency syndrome in children: a multicenter clinical study

Objective: To explore the clinical characteristics of pediatric glucose transporter type 1 deficiency syndrome (GLUT1...
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Nutritional modulation of heart failure in mitochondrial pyruvate carrier-deficient mice

The myocardium is metabolically flexible; however, impaired flexibility is associated with cardiac dysfunction in con...
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Reply to S Joshi

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COVID-19: Proposing a Ketone-Based Metabolic Therapy as a Treatment to Blunt the Cytokine Storm

Human SARS-CoV-2 infection is characterized by a high mortality rate due to some patients developing a large innate i...
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A ketogenic diet combined with exercise alters mitochondrial function in human skeletal muscle while improving metabolic health

Animal data indicate that ketogenic diets are associated with improved mitochondrial function, but human data are lac...
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Physical exercise and seizure activity

Neuroprotective and antiepileptogenic therapies have been extensively investigated for epilepsy prevention and treatm...
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Switching Host Metabolism as an Approach to Dampen SARS-CoV-2 Infection

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 pandemic, a global threat, adversely affects all daily lives, altered governmental plans around ...
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Induction of ketosis as a potential therapeutic option to limit hyperglycemia and prevent cytokine storm in COVID-19

The severe form of coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) is characterized by cytokine storm syndrome (CSS) and disseminat...
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Diet and gut microbiome interactions in gynecologic cancer

Over the last decade, there has been a dramatic surge in research exploring the human gut microbiome and its role in ...
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Cuprizone-Induced Demyelination in Mouse Hippocampus Is Alleviated by Ketogenic Diet

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system (CNS). Recently...
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Very Low-Carbohydrate Ketogenic Diet for the Treatment of Severe Obesity and Associated Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: The Role of Sex Differences

Very low-carbohydrate ketogenic diets (VLCKDs) are an emerging nutritional treatment for severe obesity and are assoc...
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Inhibitory effect of ketogenic diet on neuroblastoma in BALB/c-nu mouse models

CONCLUSIONS: KD has a strong anti-tumor effect in the xenograft mouse model possibly by regulating cell autophagy.
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Cancer diets for cancer patients: Lessons from mouse studies and new insights from the study of fatty acid metabolism in tumors

Specific diets for cancer patients have the potential to offer an adjuvant modality to conventional anticancer therap...
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Decanoic acid inhibits mTORC1 activity independent of glucose and insulin signaling

Low-glucose and -insulin conditions, associated with ketogenic diets, can reduce the activity of the mechanistic targ...
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Diet in the Treatment of Epilepsy: What We Know So Far

Epilepsy is a chronic and debilitating neurological disorder, with a worldwide prevalence of 0.5-1% and a lifetime in...
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Ketonemia and Glycemia Affect Appetite Levels and Executive Functions in Overweight Females During Two Ketogenic Diets

CONCLUSIONS: Ketogenic diets, compared with a Mediterranean diet, have a greater effect in terms of appetite reductio...
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Therapeutic Use of the Ketogenic Diet in Refractory Epilepsy: What We Know and What Still Needs to Be Learned

Ketogenic diet (KD) has been used to treat epilepsy for 100 years. It is a high-fat, low-carbohydrate, and sufficient...
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GM2 Gangliosidoses: Clinical Features, Pathophysiological Aspects, and Current Therapies

GM2 gangliosidoses are a group of pathologies characterized by GM2 ganglioside accumulation into the lysosome due to ...
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High-Fat Ketogenic Diets and Physical Performance: A Systematic Review

Use of high-fat, ketogenic diets (KDs) to support physical performance has grown in popularity over recent years. Whi...
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Web-Based Interventions for Dietary Behavior in Adults With Type 2 Diabetes: Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials

CONCLUSIONS: This review provided evidence that web-based interventions may be an effective way to support dietary be...
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Can a carnivore diet provide all essential nutrients?

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this study was to summarize current contributions affecting knowledge and predictions a...
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Exogenous Ketone Supplements Improved Motor Performance in Preclinical Rodent Models

Nutritional ketosis has been proven effective for neurometabolic conditions and disorders linked to metabolic dysregu...
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Food in Chronic Pain: Friend or Foe?

While many still consider food to be innocuous, ongoing research demonstrates food's role, both harmful and protectiv...
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Impact of a ketogenic diet intervention during radiotherapy on body composition: III-final results of the KETOCOMP study for breast cancer patients

CONCLUSIONS: In breast cancer patients undergoing curative radiotherapy, a KD based on natural foods is feasible. Aft...
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