Food For Thought

Food for Thought MicrobiomeHuman Microbiome Research

"human microbiome"

"human microbiome": Latest results from PubMed

Threshold of Reactivity and Tolerance to Precautionary Allergen-Labelled Biscuits of Baked Milk- and Egg-Allergic Children

Extremely sensitive food-allergic patients may react to very small amounts of allergenic foods. Precautionary allerge...
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APOE ε4 associates with increased risk of severe COVID-19, cerebral microhaemorrhages and post-COVID mental fatigue: a Finnish biobank, autopsy and clinical study

Apolipoprotein E ε4 allele (APOE4) has been shown to associate with increased susceptibility to SARS-CoV-2 infection ...
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A Challenge of COVID-19: Associated Infective Endocarditis with <em>Streptococcus gordonii</em> in a Young Immunocompetent Patient

The COVID-19 pandemic is a new challenge for the diagnosis and treatment of infective endocarditis (IE). Fever and ot...
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The Vaginal Microbiome: I. Research Development, Lexicon, Defining "Normal" and the Dynamics Throughout Women's Lives

CONCLUSIONS: Understanding how microorganisms inhabiting the vagina interact with each other and with the host is imp...
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Implications of Gut Microbiota in Complex Human Diseases

Humans, throughout the life cycle, from birth to death, are accompanied by the presence of gut microbes. Environmenta...
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Microbiota Alterations and Their Association with Oncogenomic Changes in Pancreatic Cancer Patients

Pancreatic cancer (PC) is an aggressive disease with a high mortality and poor prognosis. The human microbiome is a k...
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Feasibility of an At-Home Adult Stool Specimen Collection Method in Rural Cambodia

The human microbiome has received significant attention over the past decade regarding its potential impact on health...
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Altered cervicovaginal microbiota in premenopausal ovarian cancer patients

Nearly three hundred thousand female patients are diagnosed with ovarian cancer in the world annually, and this numbe...
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Metabolites with SARS-CoV-2 Inhibitory Activity Identified from Human Microbiome Commensals

The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the need to identify additional antiviral small molecules to complement existin...
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Preface for special issue on microbiome and human health

Human microbiome is comprised of symbiotic microorganisms in the human body, whose dynamic balance is closely related...
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Shotgun metagenome sequencing of Chinese gut microbiota: a review

The research on the relationship between gut microbiota and human health continues to be a hot topic in the field of ...
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Vaginal microbiome: community characteristics and disease intervention

The application of high-throughput sequencing technologies has greatly enhanced our understanding to the human microb...
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The Two-Way Interaction between the Molecules That Cause Vaginal Malodour and Lactobacilli: An Opportunity for Probiotics

Vaginal malodour is a sign of dysbiosis. The biogenic amines (BAs) cadaverine, putrescine and tyramine are known to b...
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Soluble Dietary Fiber, One of the Most Important Nutrients for the Gut Microbiota

Dietary fiber is a widely recognized nutrient for human health. Previous studies proved that dietary fiber has signif...
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Reporting guidelines for human microbiome research: the STORMS checklist

The particularly interdisciplinary nature of human microbiome research makes the organization and reporting of result...
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Identifying prognostic pairwise relationships among bacterial species in microbiome studies

In recent literature, the human microbiome has been shown to have a major influence on human health. To investigate t...
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Early viral versus late antibiotic-associated diarrhea in novel coronavirus infection

Diarrhea is one of the manifestations of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19), but it also develops as a complica...
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Genomic convergence between Akkermansia muciniphila in different mammalian hosts

CONCLUSIONS: The low genomic divergence observed in the new strains may indicate that A. muciniphila favors mucosal c...
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Network of Interactions Between Gut Microbiome, Host Biomarkers, and Urine Metabolome in Carotid Atherosclerosis

Comprehensive analyses of multi-omics data may provide insights into interactions between different biological layers...
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Alterations in the oral microbiome in HIV infection: causes, effects and potential interventions

A massive depletion of CD4+ T lymphocytes has been described in early and acute human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in...
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Food for Thought Paleo Diet 2Paleo Diet Research

paleo diet

paleo diet: Latest results from PubMed

The Relationship between Modern Fad Diets and Kidney Stone Disease: A Systematic Review of Literature

CONCLUSIONS: Few studies evaluated the direct relationship between modern fad diets and KSD. In general, the reductio...
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Pastoral subsistence and mounted fighting in the Eastern Tianshan Mountain region: New insights from the Shirenzigou worked bone assemblage

Situated at a geographic crossroads, the eastern Tianshan Mountain region in northwest China is crucial to understand...
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Whole-diet interventions and cardiovascular risk factors in postmenopausal women: A systematic review of controlled clinical trials

CONCLUSION: Current evidence suggests that diet may affect levels of some lipid profile markers, glycemic indices, an...
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Change in Micronutrient Intake among People with Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis Adapting the Swank and Wahls Diets: An Analysis of Weighed Food Records

The low-saturated fat (Swank) and modified Paleolithic elimination (Wahls) diets have shown promise for MS symptoms; ...
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Early line and hook fishing at the Epipaleolithic site of Jordan River Dureijat (Northern Israel)

Nineteen broken and complete bone fish hooks and six grooved stones recovered from the Epipaleolithic site of Jordan ...
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Early Pleistocene faunivorous hominins were not kleptoparasitic, and this impacted the evolution of human anatomy and socio-ecology

Humans are unique in their diet, physiology and socio-reproductive behavior compared to other primates. They are also...
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Comparative study of B content and δ<sup>11</sup> B in the enamel of isolated teeth from brothers in the same family

CONCLUSIONS: The experimental data confirmed the relationship between the information of B (B content and δ^(11) B) i...
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Hunter-Gatherers in context: Mammal community composition in a northern Tanzania landscape used by Hadza foragers and Datoga pastoralists

In many regions of sub Saharan Africa large mammals occur in human-dominated areas, yet their community composition a...
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The evolution and changing ecology of the African hominid oral microbiome

The oral microbiome plays key roles in human biology, health, and disease, but little is known about the global diver...
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Therapeutic Implications of Diet in Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Related Immune-Mediated Inflammatory Diseases

Despite being a focal issue to patients, the effect of diet on adult inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) remains underex...
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Paleolithic Diet-Effect on the Health Status and Performance of Athletes?

The aim of this meta-analysis was to review the impact of a Paleolithic diet (PD) on selected health indicators (body...
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Using a Paleo Ratio to Assess Adherence to Paleolithic Dietary Recommendations in a Randomized Controlled Trial of Individuals with Type 2 Diabetes

This study is a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial using Paleolithic diet and exercise in individual...
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Dietary protein intake, kidney function, and survival in a nationally representative cohort

CONCLUSIONS: Among participants with impaired kidney function, a higher DPI and greater HBV consumption were associat...
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The evolution of the human trophic level during the Pleistocene

The human trophic level (HTL) during the Pleistocene and its degree of variability serve, explicitly or tacitly, as t...
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A novel evolutionary-concordance lifestyle score is inversely associated with all-cause, all-cancer, and all-cardiovascular disease mortality risk

CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that a more evolutionary-concordant lifestyle may be inversely associated with all-...
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At the dinner table with Adam and Eve

Parents of children with atopic dermatitis often believe that dietary factors influence the course of a child's eczem...
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Ecosystem engineering in the Quaternary of the West Coast of South Africa

Despite advances in our understanding of the geographic and temporal scope of the Paleolithic record, we know remarka...
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ButterKetogenic Diet Research

"ketogenic diet"

"ketogenic diet": Latest results from PubMed

Decreased ovarian reserve and ovarian morphological alterations in female rat offspring exposed to a ketogenic maternal diet

CONCLUSION: Maternal ketogenic diet reduces ovarian follicular reserve in female offspring and has important implicat...
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The Role of the Gut Microbiota on the Beneficial Effects of Ketogenic Diets

The ketogenic diet is a dietary regime focused on strongly reducing carbohydrate intake and increasing fat intake; le...
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Effect of Anti-Inflammatory Diets on Pain in Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Various nutritional therapies have been proposed in rheumatoid arthritis, particularly diets rich in ω-3 fatty acids,...
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Effects of a Non-Energy-Restricted Ketogenic Diet on Clinical Oral Parameters. An Exploratory Pilot Trial

Ketogenic diets (KDs) may be a helpful complement in the prevention of and therapy for several diseases. Apart from t...
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Diet and Anxiety: A Scoping Review

Anxiety disorders are the most common group of mental disorders. There is mounting evidence demonstrating the importa...
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Effect of Ketogenic Diet on Quality of Life in Adults with Chronic Disease: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials

CONCLUSIONS: The evidence from RCTs investigating the effect of KD on QOL in adults with chronic disease is inconclus...
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Treating autism spectrum disorder by intervening with gut microbiota

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) comprises a group of neurodevelopmental disorders with a high prevalence in childhood....
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Effects of Mixed of a Ketogenic Diet in Overweight and Obese Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a commonly occurring endocrine disorder characterized by hirsutism, anovulation, ...
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Very-Low-Calorie Ketogenic Diet: A Potential Treatment for Binge Eating and Food Addiction Symptoms in Women. A Pilot Study

CONCLUSIONS: recent findings have highlighted the potential therapeutic role of ketogenic diets for the treatment of ...
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Novel UBE3A pathogenic variant in a large Georgian family produces non-convulsive status epilepticus responsive to ketogenic diet

CONCLUSION: KD is safe and effective for the treatment of NCSE due to AS. Resolution before the appearance of ketone ...
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Evaluation of the seizure control and the tolerability of ketogenic diet in Chinese children with structural drug-resistant epilepsy

CONCLUSIONS: KD is an effective and safe treatment for Chinese children with DRE due to structural etiology. Better e...
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Alzheimer's Disease and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: The Use of MCT Oil and a Ketogenic Diet

Recently, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has been reported to be strongly associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD). ...
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The Role of Short-Chain Fatty Acids in Mediating Very Low-Calorie Ketogenic Diet-Infant Gut Microbiota Relationships and Its Therapeutic Potential in Obesity

As the very low-calorie ketogenic diet (VLCKD) gains increased interest as a therapeutic approach for many diseases, ...
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Nutrient Effects on Motor Neurons and the Risk of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

CONCLUSION: The inclusion of vitamins and a ketogenic diet in disease-modifying ALS therapy can reduce the progressio...
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Metabolic acidosis in a lactating woman induced by a deliberate ketogenic diet

This article describes a rare case of lactation ketoacidosis in a patient who started a ketogenic diet while nursing ...
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Improving the effects of ketogenic diet therapy in children with drug-resistant epilepsy

CONCLUSION: Goal and long-term management is effective for ketogenic diet therapy, which significantly improved the k...
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SLC gene mutations and pediatric neurological disorders: diverse clinical phenotypes in a Saudi Arabian population

The uptake and efflux of solutes across a plasma membrane is controlled by transporters. There are two main superfami...
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Avenues of research in dietary interventions to target tumor metabolism in osteosarcoma

Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most frequent primary bone cancer, affecting mostly children and adolescents. Although much ...
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Microbiota-Gut-Brain Axis and Epilepsy: A Review on Mechanisms and Potential Therapeutics

The gut-brain axis refers to the bidirectional communication between the gut and brain, and regulates intestinal home...
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The Effects of a Ketogenic Diet on Patients with Dihydrolipoamide Dehydrogenase Deficiency

CONCLUSIONS: The use of KD offers an advantage regarding survival; however, there is no significant improvement in QOL.
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Alternative Dietary Patterns for Americans: Low-Carbohydrate Diets

The decades-long dietary experiment embodied in the Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA) focused on limiting fat, e...
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Ketogenic Diet for Cancer: Critical Assessment and Research Recommendations

Despite remarkable improvements in screening, diagnosis, and targeted therapies, cancer remains the second leading ca...
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Ketogenic diet as elective treatment in patients with drug-unresponsive hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia caused by glucokinase mutations

CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrated the safety and efficacy of KD in the treatment of drug-unresponsive GCK-HI at a short an...
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Evaluation of the effects of ketogenic diet therapy on sleep quality in children with drug-resistant epilepsy and their mothers

CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study determined that three months of KDT offered significant improvement on the sle...
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Cannabidiol-enriched medical cannabis as add-on therapy in children with treatment-resistant West syndrome: A study of eight patients

CONCLUSION: This study evaluating the use of cannabidiol-enriched cannabis oil in children with WS showed that four (...
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Functional loss of ketogenesis in odontocete cetaceans

Odontocete cetaceans exhibit genomic mutations in key ketogenesis genes. In order to validate an inferred lack of ket...
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Microbiota-gut-brain axis: A novel potential target of ketogenic diet for epilepsy

Ketogenic diet (KD) has been used to the control of seizure for 100 years because it was developed for the treatment ...
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Hypovitaminosis D and risk factors in pediatric epilepsy children

CONCLUSIONS: Our study reports the high prevalence of hypovitaminosis D in pediatric epilepsy patients in Thailand de...
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The spectrum of epilepsy in children with 15q13.3 microdeletion syndrome

CONCLUSIONS: The epilepsy phenotype in children with 15q13.3 microdeletion syndrome is defined by childhood onset abs...
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Dietary Insights in Neurological Diseases

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Dietary interventions may play a role in the pathophysiology of common neurological disorders such...
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Dietary-Induced Ketogenesis: Adults Are Not Children

CONCLUSIONS: For diets with comparable ketogenic ratios, adults have lower blood ketone levels than children; consequ...
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Ketogenic Diets in Pancreatic Cancer and Associated Cachexia: Cellular Mechanisms and Clinical Perspectives

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is an aggressive and extremely therapy-resistant cancer. It is estimated that...
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Effect of a Ketogenic Diet on the Nutritional Parameters of Obese Patients: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

CONCLUSION: A KD shows no more benefits on nutritional parameters than a balanced diet, and adverse effects of being ...
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Effects of Combining a Ketogenic Diet with Resistance Training on Body Composition, Strength, and Mechanical Power in Trained Individuals: A Narrative Review

Ketogenic diets (KD) have gained popularity in recent years among strength-trained individuals. The present review su...
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Lipid-based therapies against SARS-CoV-2 infection

Viruses have evolved to manipulate host lipid metabolism to benefit their replication cycle. Enveloped viruses, inclu...
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Current neurologic treatment and emerging therapies in CDKL5 deficiency disorder

CONCLUSIONS: Treatment for neurologic features of CDD is currently symptom-based and empiric rather than CDD-specific...
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Effects of 30 days of ketogenic diet on body composition, muscle strength, muscle area, metabolism, and performance in semi-professional soccer players

CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study investigating the effects of a KD on semi-professional soccer players. In our st...
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Why the diabetic heart is energy inefficient: a ketogenesis and ketolysis perspective

Lack of glucose uptake compromises metabolic flexibility and reduces energy efficiency in the diabetes mellitus (DM) ...
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Efficacy and safety of ketogenic dietary theraphies in infancy. A single-center experience in 42 infants less than two years of age

CONCLUSION: KDT are useful and effective treatments in infancy. Side effects are frequent but mild and easy to manage.
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An Israeli tuberous sclerosis cohort: the efficacy of different anti-epileptic strategies

AIM: We aimed to describe the experience of a large single-center cohort for the clinical, radiological, and genetic ...
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Effects of Ketogenic Diet on Some Immunological Parameters

<b>Background and Objective:</b> A well-established treatment for childhood epilepsy, the Ketogenic Diet (KD) is incr...
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